The first museum in Ankara was established by Mübarek Galip Bey, Director of Culture, in 1921, in the bastion of the Castle of Ankara called Akkale. In the first years, artifacts were collected in the Temple of Augustus and in the Roman Bath too. In the course of time, a larger building was needed, and Hamit Zübeyr Koşay, then Director of Culture, proposed the repair of the Mahmut Paşa Bedesten and the Kurşunlu Han to be used as museum buildings. This idea was accepted and restoration works were initiated that continued between 1938 and 1968. When the repair of the domed middle section of the bedesten was almost finished in 1940, a committee headed by the German archaeologist H. G. Guterbock began to place the artifacts and this middle section was opened in 1943, while the repair of buildings was continuing. In 1948, the Museum Administration left the Akkale as a storehouse, and moved to the current building. The museum, which had been established upon Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's suggestion of the establishment of a "Hittite Museum" in the capital city, took its final shape in 1996. Today, the Kurşunlu Han, which is used as the administrative building, includes researchers' rooms, a library, a conference hall, a laboratory and workshops, storages, and the computer center, and the Mahmut Paşa Bedesten is used as the exhibition hall.
The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is one of the world's prominent museums with its distinctive collection including exhibits from every civilization that passed through Anatolia until the present-day arranged in a chronological order. The tour in the museum begins with the Paleolithic display case located on the left side of the entrance.
Early Bronze Age
Age of Assyrian Trade Colonies
Old Hittite and Hittite Periods
Late Hittite Kingdom
Kingdom of Urartu